So here we are. Last workday of 2017. Which means it’s almost time again to post our annual Top 10 RBN Prognostications for the upcoming year. According to our long-standing tradition, we’ll do that on the first workday of the New Year — Tuesday, January 2, 2018. But today, it’s time to look back, too see how those 10 Prognostications we posted way back at the start of 2017 — The Year of the Rooster in the Chinese calendar — held up. Yes, we actually check our work! In today’s blog, we grade ourselves on our year-ago views of how 2017 would turn out for energy markets.
Recall that 12 months ago, we were finishing up another tough year, though there were signs that things were starting to turn around. Crude oil prices had rebounded from their dismal lows of January and February 2016 — the same for natural gas. Crude production was up too, after bottoming out in September 2016, and the Permian in particular was coming on strong. Rig counts were recovering, and producers continued to find ways to wring more oil, gas and NGLs out of their wells while at the same time reining in their drilling and completion costs. It was against that backdrop that we threw caution to the wind and posted our Top 10 RBN Prognostications for 2017. As it turns out, we feel pretty good about most of last year’s market calls. Let’s review them one by one, beginning with Prognostication #10 and working our way up the list:
- We’ll see no crude price breakout in 2017, one way or the other. Got that one right. Crude oil prices traded within a +/- $9/bbl range, from a low of $42.50/bbl back in June to a high of just under $60/bbl here at the end of the year, for an average of $50.75/bbl. If you were looking for wild volatility, in 2017 crude oil was not your market. Yes, it is true that we have not seen $60/bbl for WTI in Cushing since June 2015, but don’t lose sight of the fact that it’s only about $6/bbl higher than the last week of 2016 — up about 11%. Higher sure, but we don’t count that as a breakout.
- U.S. crude production in 2017 will increase, but not at the 1 MMb/d-a-year growth rate seen from 2012-14. Well, U.S. production did increase, and exceeded our expectations. The shale-led ramp up in crude oil production peaked in April 2015 at 9.6 MMb/d, and in response to the oil price crash then fell 1.0 MMb/d to 8.6 MMb/d in September 2016. But at that point, production growth kicked back in, increasing to 8.8 MMb/d by December 2016. Growth continued this year, up to 9.5 MMb/d in EIA’s September monthly numbers, then to 9.8 MMb/d in EIA’s most recent weekly production stats. So for the year, that looks pretty much like 1 MMb/d. We get no points for this one.